SUBMITTED BY ARTHUR N1ORC - AMSAT A/C #31468
*NORAD Launch Support* Six F-15s from the U.S. Air Force, enforcing FAA established TFR with center point being NASA KSC 39B
Launch Contingency Support
USNORTHCOM provides a variety of support throughout launch, on-orbit and landing. In cooperation with NASA, U.S. Strategic Command and the DoD Manned Space Flight Support Office (DDMS), USNORTHCOM has developed plans to locate and retrieve the astronauts if they have a pad or launch emergency, are forced to bailout of the shuttle, or have to return for landing. Numerous Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard aircraft and Coast Guard ships are pre-positioned or on standby to quickly launch to conduct search and rescue operations. For STS-116, the following DOD and DHS assets are supporting the mission:
20 US Air Force/Air National Guard Para rescue personnel (308th Rescue Squadron (RQS), Moody Air Force Base, Ga.; 103rd RQS, Gabreski, NY) 4 HH-60s (301st RQS, Patrick AFB) 1 US Air Force Reserve/US Air National Guard HC-130 (39th RQS (AFRC), Patrick Air Force Base, Fla.; and 1 Air National Guard HC-130 (102nd RQS, F.S. Gabreski Airport N.Y.) 1 KC-130 (Marine Corps Air Group 49, Stewart ANGB, N.Y.) 6 Army HH-60s (Fort Irwin, CA) 5 Air Force UH-1/OH58s (White Sands Missile Range, NM)
*/The United States Navy’s Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Center at Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Fla., and Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Center and Naval Air Station Norfolk, Va., and the United States Air Force’s Rescue Coordination Center will also be in direct support to Commander, U.S. Northern Command./*
*Launch Abort Sites (LAS) and East Coast Launch Abort Landing Sites (ECALS)* Additionally U.S. military units at the following Shuttle Launch Abort Sites are on alert to support an emergency landing during the launch phase for STS-116. These bases lie near the intended flight path for STS-116:
Atlantic City International Airport, N.J. Oceana Naval Air Station, Va. Dover Air Force Base, Del. Otis Air National Guard Base, Mass. F. S. Gabreski Airport, N.Y. Pease Air National Guard Base, N.H. Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, N.C.
*DOD Augmented/Emergency Landing Sites * If the shuttle experiences an on-orbit emergency and has to land immediately, NASA has established several civilian and military landing sites around the world. US military personnel at the following locations are prepared to support an emergency landing of the shuttle:
*Augmented Sites:* While the Primary Landing Site is Kennedy Space Center, Fla., alternate DoD Augmented Landing Sites Edwards AFB, Calif., Holloman AFB and White Sands Space Harbor, N.M., can be quickly readied to support a shuttle landing with an on-scene commander, fire/crash/rescue forces, and medical evacuation capabilities.
*Emergency Landing Sites*: These locations are strategically located around the world in the flight path of STS-116. They have runways long enough for the shuttle and have compatible navigation aids. The following Emergency Landing Sites are located within the United States:
Atlantic City International Airport, N.J. (ECALS) MCAS Cherry Point, N.C. (ECALS) Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. McDill Air Force Base, Fla. China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station, Calif. Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho Dover Air Force Base, Del. (ECALS) Oceana Naval Air Station, Va. (ECALS) Dyess Air Force Base, Texas Otis Air National Guard Base, Mass. (ECALS) Ellsworth Air Force Base, S.D. Pease Air National Guard Base, N.H. (ECALS) Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. F.S. Gabreski Airport, N.Y. (ECALS)
The emergency recovery sites only have the minimum number of people needed to assist the astronauts, and will respond to a shuttle landing as they would for any large aircraft emergency landing.
*Alternate Landing Sites* The shuttle is expected to return to Kennedy Space Center on or about 12 days after launch and DoD support will be provided from Patrick AFB, Fla., Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., Kennedy Space Center, Fla. and USNORTHCOM Headquarters at Peterson AFB, Colo. However, alternate landing sites at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., and Holloman AFB/White Sands Space Harbor, N.M., can be quickly readied to support a shuttle landing.