This is now WAY out in crazy thinking. But we all know how a wind speed
anemometer works right? The flat side has more resistance to the
"Wind" than the rounded front side, so it has greater pressure exerted
on it right? This would even work with not so much half spheres as in a
traditional anemometer but with like pyramids shapes i would also think.
Now does solar "Wind' have pressures similar to air "Wind"? obviously
it does or they wouldn't be thinking if trying to use it right?
I know it's exceedingly small amounts of pressure. but if we were to
launch into an orbit that is as close to the equator as possible and the
bird deploys as large as possible equivalent of an anemometer cup and
it's positioned so that it's base is perpendicular to the solar wind
when it is directly at right angles to the earth and sun.
This tiny push, and then 180 deg later less push then 180 deg later
more push etc.
think this bird could ever so slowly in a spiral raise it's orbit?
Crazy? what's anyone think?
*The Original Rolling Ball Clock
hi, and thank you to all the stations that worked me on my trip to Cheyenne, Wy
as said before i got there on the 23rd, but had radio problems...ect.
after they were taken care of and the family stuff was done i was able to operate DN71 and DN 70,71 on the US 85 hwy Colorado/Wyoming border all be it a windy day(hope i did not sound to bad).
i also had help from a long time friend (N7BAM thank you brian) on the 27th from DN71
and on the 28th i traveled south to give out the combo,
it was a long trip at least for me and i would have liked to do more operating from that area in the near future, more info on that later.
if you would like a card for contact just e-mail the details and if you send SASE that would be ok too.
in total 5 passes were worked on the trip and SO-50, AO-27 and AO-51 were used on the after noon and evening passes.
kc0zhf back in DN94
Great to have such positive news about China's entry into the amateur radio satellite field.
Alan Kungs recent posting was most encouraging. Will the space authorities in China will have a similar positve attitude towards amateur radio within their ambitious manned spaceflight program ? I hope so, and wish them well.
73 John G7HIA
The following one-minute video shows my breadboarded Arduino
(ATMega328) tracking two satellites and tuning an FT-817 in response.
It also shows the chip periodically announcing the location of the
bird in CW, and, as a bonus, you'll see AO-51 being received with a
simple dipole directly connected to a low-noise preamp.
This is an application of the Arduino FT-817, Plan 13, CW and Tle
EEPROM storage libraries available at:
One long-term goal is to port this to the Arduino mini-pro, here
http://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoardProMini, add a clip-on
real-time-clock and battery, and make a 10 satellite tracking dongle
for the FT-817 and TH-D7A that is not much bigger than a USB key, and
suitable for portable use. (In that version, the location will be
stored in EEPROM, not derived from the GPS unit.) Long, long term, I
hope that demoing this technology will inspire ham radio manufacturers
to make stand-alone doppler tuning a built-in feature in rigs like the
Right now, however, the code only tunes the downlink, and I have to
spelunk through the code for Instanttune to see how to deal with the
FT-817 on transmit :-)
(For the many people new to this list and this wonderful corner of ham
radio, I should mention that his project is an experimenter's
platform, not a fully-functioning trackbox. For the latter, you want
the LVBTracker, available from AMSAT-NA's shop.)
Have been following the "910H vs. TS-2000" thread. Wonder how the older
IC-970A (good in its day) compares with these newer rigs,
acknowledging the lower power (25W) and lack of any DSP in the receiver.
My 970A is currently in semi-storage waiting for me to have the
old-style trimmer capacitors replaced; the synthesizer no longer locks
on 70 cm. Hope to get that done soon.
Any suggestions as to the best repair site for an older ICOM rig
welcome; I already know about MTS and absent any really glowing
alternative suggestions will probably send it there.
Pete Jordahl, K5GM
OSCAR-11 REPORT 30 November 2009
This report covers the period from 21 April 2008 to 30 November 2009.
The satellite unexpectedly resumed transmissions recently. It was first
heard by Keith N4ZQ on 19 November 2009 and transmissions continued
until it switched OFF on 27 November. It was last heard by Tetsu JA0CAW
at 23:59 UTC 26 November 2009. Previously, it was last heard by Peter
ZL3TC on 23 April 2008, on a single pass.
Study of the satellite's behaviour had suggested that its battery would
not sustain operation during solar eclipses, and the watchdog timer
would switch the satellite OFF after less than an orbit. Eclipses are
now occur during every orbit and will continue for many years. In
practice this meant that OSCAR-11 would only be heard occasionally by
stations monitoring the frequency while listening for other satellites.
During this period of inactivity the satellite achieved 25 years in
orbit on 01 March 2009. Congratualtions to Professor Sir Martin
Sweeting, his team at the University of Surrey and participating amateur
radio groups, for this fine achievment.
Good signals have been received by stations located all over the world
during this recent period of activity and telemetry has been decoded
successfully. However, the satellite has only transmitted when in
sunlight. I have been overwhelmed by the number of reports received, too
many to list individually! Many thanks to everyone who sent email
reports or posted to AMSAT-BB.
The telemetry is unchanged from the 2008 downloads. The on-board clock
is now 241 days slow. When last received in 2008 it was 83 days slow.
The increasing error suggests that the clock may be stopping, when the
satellite is in eclipse.
The exact date when the satellite started transmitting is not known, so
if the watchdog timer was reset, the next transmissions might start
around 16 December, however if the timer went through its full operating
cycle, transmissions could resume around 06 December.
The Beacon frequencies are -
VHF 145.826 MHz. AFSK FM ASCII Telemetry
UHF 435.025 MHz. OFF
S-band 2401.5 MHz. OFF
The satellite is now subject to eclipses during every orbit. Long term
predictions indicate that eclipses will occur until 2019, when there will
be some eclipse free periods until 2023. However these very long term
predictions should be regarded with caution, as large tracking errors can
accumulate over long periods of time.
When telemetry was last received it showed that one of the solar arrays had
failed, and there was a large unexplained current drain on the main 14 volt
bus. After 25 years in orbit the battery has undergone over 100,000 partial
charge/discharge cycles, and observations suggest that it cannot power the
satellite during eclipses lasting more than about ten minutes, or
sometimes even during periods of poor solar attitude.
RECEPTION REPORTS REQUESTED!
Please send reception reports to xxxxx(a)amsat.org (replace xxxxx by
g3cwv) or post to amsat-bb. If you have a file, please let me know what
you have, before sending it!
The satellite transmits on 145.826 MHz., set receiver to NBFM. OSCAR-11
has a characteristic sound, rather like raspy slow morse code, sending
"di di dah dah dah dah dah dah dah" sent over five seconds. If you are
receiving a very weak signal, switch the receiver to CW or SSB. You
should hear several sidebands around the carrier frequency, should be
able to hear the characteristic 'morse code like' sound on at least one
Please note that you need a clean noise free signal to decode the
signals. There is an audio clip on my OLD website
www.users.zetnet.co.uk/clivew/ which may be useful for identification
and as test signal for decoding.
The current status of the satellite, is that all the analogue telemetry
channels, 0 to 59 are zero, ie they have failed. The status channels 60 to
67 are still working. The real time clock is showing a large accumulated
error, although over short periods timekeeping is accurate to a few
seconds per month. When last heard the clock was 241 days slow. The
day of the month has a bit stuck at 'one' so the day of the month may show
an error of +40 days for some dates. The time display has switched into 12
hour mode. Unfortunately, there is no AM/PM indicator, since the time
display format was designed for 24 hour mode.
The spacecraft computer and active attitude control system have switched
OFF, ie. the satellite' attitude is controlled only by the passive gravity
boom gradient, and the satellite is free to spin at any speed.
The watchdog timer now operates on a 20 day cycle. The ON/OFF times have
tended to be very consistent. The average of many observations show this to
be 20.7 days, ie. 10.3 days ON followed by 10.4 days OFF. However, poor
solar attitude may result may result in a low 14 volt line supply, which
may cause the beacon to switch OFF prematurely, and reset the watchdog
timer cycle. When this occurs, the beacon is OFF for 20.7 days.
OSCAR-11 was the second satellite from the University of Surrey,
www.ee.surrey.ac.uk/SSC. It was designed, built and launched, within a
time scale of six months, by a team headed by Martin Sweeting G3YJO.
Amateur radio groups working at various locations in the world, also
contributed to the project. It used commercially available 'off the shelf'
components (COTS). Following the success of these satellites, in 1985
Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd. www.sstl.co.uk was formed, as a commercial
venture. This grew into a major company which has produced over 30 small
satellite projects for a global market.
The University of Surrey has recently sold it's major
shareholding in SSTL to EADS-Astrium. The joint company will therefore
have the experience of manufacturing large and small satellites, for
geo-synchronous and low earth orbits.
In regognition of his work, Martin G3YJO, was appointed Professor at the
University of Surrey. He received an OBE in the 1995 Queens birthday
honours list, and in 2002 a knighthood in the New Year's honours list.
Listeners to OSCAR-11 may be interested in visiting my websites. If you need
to know what OSCAR-11 should sound like, there is a short audio clip for
you to hear. The last telemetry received from the satellite is available
for download. The website contains an archive of news & telemetry data
which has now been updated. It also contains details about using a
soundcard or hardware demodulators for data capture. There is software for
capturing data, and decoding ASCII telemetry. The URL is
www.users.zetnet.co.uk/clivew/ However, please note that this site
is no longer being updated, and the latest news and information will and
will be uploaded to my new site www.g3cwv.co.uk which is currently
If you place this bulletin on a terrestrial packet network, please
use the bulletin identifier $BID:U2RPT145.CWV, to prevent duplication.
73 Clive G3CWV xxxxx(a)amsat.org (please replace xxxxx by g3cwv)
A South African operator is desperately in need of a component to repair his
The part is an IC No. HD63A01YO (Hitachi) The FT-736R manual reference is
Yaesu Part Number G1090792, control unit F2891000A diagram item Q1008.
Does anyone in the satellite community know of a source for this component,
possibly from an old 736R that has been cannibalized for spares? The FT-736R
is a great old radio and should be kept in use as long as possible.
I wouldn't part with mine for anything! It's worked a lot of VHF DX both
through the satellites abd off the moon.